13 Primary Organs and their Meridians

Organ Gross Function Subtle Function
Kidneys They control the growth and development of bones and nourish the marrow. The body’s most important reservoir of essential energy.They are the seat of courage and willpower.
Pericardium Not Recognized in the west.It is the heart’s protective sack Protects the heart from damage and disruption by excessive emotional energies generated by the other organs, such as anger from the liver, fear from the kidneys, and grief from the lungs
Triple burner –
Not a single self–‐contained organ, but rather a functional energy system involved in regulating the activities of other organs.
Not recognized by the West.
The Upper Burner controls intake.
The Middle Burner controls transformation.
The Lower Burner controls elimination.
Regulates our consciousness.
As consciousness becomes stable our mind intent rests on being benevolent and kindhearted.
Gall bladder It secretes the pure and potent bile fluids required to digest and metabolize fats and oils.It provides muscular strength and vitality. ‘The gall bladder is daring, the heart is careful’Is responsible for making decisions and judgments, as well as providing courage and initiative.
Liver Responsible for filtering, detoxifying, nourishing, replenishing, and storing blood.Synthesizes the various forms of protein required for growth and repair of bodily tissues. Responsible for planning and creativity, as well as instantaneous solutions or sudden insights.
Lungs
It is said that the Lungs are “the priest” or The Minister of Heaven and are responsible for establishing the foundation of Qi for the entire body.
The lungs are massive vessel-like organs in the chest cavity. They are the largest and most essential part of the respiration system The Lungs psycho‐emotional attributes positive are righteousness, dignity, integrity, and high self-esteem; negative attributes are disappointment, sadness, grief, despair, anxiety, shame, and sorrow.
The Lungs house the body’s are responsible for self-protection and self-preservation.
Large Intestine It controls the transformation of digestive wastes from liquid to solid state and transports the solids onwards and outwards for elimination through the rectum.It plays a major role in the balance and purity of bodily fluids and assists the Lungs in controlling the skin’s pores and perspiration. The Large Intestine relationship to the Lungs makes it equally affected by the emotions of sadness, grief, and worry.
Stomach Your stomach is a stretchy bag of muscle that is very important in digesting foodResponsible for extracting and balancing all Five Elemental Energies (Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, Water) from foods and fluids ingested. The Stomach influences the mental state; an excess condition can agitate the mind and cause mental symptoms such as: mania or hypomania, confusion, severe anxiety, and hyperactivity.
Spleen Controls quantity and quality of blood in circulation and coordinate with the Kidneys to control fluid balance throughout the system.Directly influences and is reflected by the tone and condition of muscle tissue. Houses the body’s thoughts and intentions.Responsible for directing memories to the Kidneys for short‐term memory storage. 
The Kidneys will later transfer these memories to the Heart for long‐term memory storage.
Stomach Your stomach is a stretchy bag of muscle that is very important in digesting foodResponsible for extracting and balancing all Five Elemental Energies (Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, Water) from foods and fluids ingested. The Stomach influences the mental state; an excess condition can agitate the mind and cause mental symptoms such as: mania or hypomania, confusion, severe anxiety, and hyperactivity.
Heart –
Houses the spirit, and controls the emotions.’
Commands all of the organs and viscera (the organs in the cavities of the body, especially those in the abdominal cavity)Dominates sleep; if the Heart is strong the practitioner will fall asleep easily and sleep soundly. Psycho-emotional attributes are love, joy, peace, contentment, propriety, insight, wisdom, orderliness, forgiveness, and courtesy.
• Its negative attributes are hate, guilt, shock, nervousness, excitement, longing, and craving.
Small Intestine Receives partially digested food from the stomach and further refines it, separating ‘the pure from the impure.’Influences the function of the pituitary gland, the ‘master gland’ whose secretions regulate growth, metabolism, immunity, sexuality, and the entire endocrine system. The ability to distinguish relevant issues with clarity before making a decision is attributed to the Small Intestine
Urinary Bladder Is responsible for storing and eliminating the urinary waste fluids passed down from the kidneys. As energy system the bladder is intimately related to the functions and balance of the autonomous nervous system.
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